La Constitución de 1830 amparaba a los Charrúas….

Ante una nueva celebración de la jura de la primera Constitución de este país es que considerar algunos elementos que refieren a  que en este texto constitucional, jurado un 18 de Julio de 1830 amparaba a los Charrúas, vendidos por el primer presidente constitucional del País, Fructuoso rivera, al director de la Escuela donde concurrían sus hijas para ser llevados a Francia a ser exhibidos en los zoologicos humanos abiertos a público comunes en la Eurpa de la época.

LA CONSTITUCIÓN DE 1830 AMPARABA LOS DERECHOS DE LOS 4 CHARRÚAS LLEVADOS A FRANCIA

Lo que la historia a insistido en llamar los últimos 4  Charrúas zarparon desde Uruguay un 25 de febrero de 1833. ya instituida la reciente creada: República Oriental del Uruguay. Si nos ajustaramos a aquella primigenia Carta magna, la Constitución de 1830 otorgaba Derechos a estos Orientales siendo entonces que en varios artículos los amparaban tal como actualmente nuestra Constitución lo hace respecto a los Derechos de los Ciudadanos.

 

ANEXO 25 , págs. 784, 785,805,806,807.

El Art. 6º dice: Los ciudadanos del Estado Oriental del Uruguay son naturales ó legales.

El Art. 7º dice: Ciudadanos naturales son todos los hombres libres, nacidos en cualquier parte del territorio del Estado.

El pueblo Nación Charrúa y demás originarios, chanés, Charrúas nacieron y fueron siempre hombres libres por naturaleza en este territorio. Tacuabé y Guyunusa nacieron en Paysandú, según las actas de bautismo encontradas, por lo cual ese único elemento ya les otorgaba el ingreso a la selecta casta de la categoría de ciudadanos naturales ya que como ilustra la imagen, era una Constitución que imponía múltiples restricciones a la ciudadanía.

Vaimaca Peru y Senaqué, los otros dos Charrúas cautivo llevados  a Francia, esta ppor demás comprobado que participaron unidos luchando por esta Provincia junto a Artigas y a Rivera, por lo cual no cabría una duda razonable de que no estuvieran luchando por la defensa de su propio territorio, es decir de la Banda Oriental.

Aún en el hipotético caso que no hubieran nacido dentro del Uruguay, les comprendería el Art. 8º que los reconocería como ciudadanos legales por varias de las condiciones allí mencionadas.

El Art. 113º dice: Ningún ciudadano puede ser preso sino en in fraganti delito, o habiendo, semi plena prueba de él, y por orden escrita de Juez competente.

Surge entonces, que al no haber sido aplicado sobre estos Charrúas el Artículo precedente, ni estaban presos legalmente, ni habían cometido delito alguno.

El Art. 130 dice: Los habitantes del Estado tienen derecho a ser protegidos en el goce de su vida, honor, libertad, seguridad y propiedad. Nadie puede ser privado de estos derechos sino conforme a las leyes.

El Art. 132: Los hombres son iguales ante la Ley, sea preceptiva, penal o tuitiva, no reconociéndose otra distinción entre ellos sino la de los talentos o de las virtudes.

El Art. 136: Ninguno puede ser penado, ni confinado sin forma de proceso y sentencia legal.

De estos tres últimos artículos constitucionales, se desprende que los cuatro Charrúas enviados a Francia, por ser habitantes del Estado, eran iguales ante la Ley como cualquier otro, y tenían los derechos de protección de su vida, honor, seguridad, y propiedad, y también en caso de infligir alguna Ley, derecho a un juicio y sentencia legal.

Por tal motivo el propio Estado sería competente desde aquellos años para facilitar su regreso, o luego de su muerte solicitar la restitución a su país de origen, sus restos mortales, como los de cualquier ciudadano, por encumbrado o modesto que fuere.

(Este artículo fue extraído casi en su totalidad de la página Chancharrúa, por lo que las conclusiones pertenecen al autor del mismo, las que compartimos y son vertidas de forma anónima.) Invitamos visitar este blog puesto que encontrarán una relectura de nustra historia más integradora y realista, reescrita desde una visión orginaria.)

https://chancharrua.wordpress.com/la-constitucion-de-1830-amparaba-los-derechos-de-los-4-charruas-llevados-a-francia/

 

Referencia acerca de este último ilustración del articulo de Léon Gozlan en el “Musée des familles”. Si nos referimos al texto, el orden debería ser de izquierda a derecha Senaqué (“expirando como un trapero de la calle Mouffetard, con un gorro de algodón”, dice el artículo), Tacuavé (“al que ven parado”), Guyunusa y Vaimaca (“que se acostó bostezando como un tigre”). Sin embargo, el artículo dice que Senaqué no estaba junto a los otros, sino “descansando en un galpón aparte”.
Le National del domingo 14 de julio de 1933

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